and legs of all these isopods are well adapted for Rather, they are opportunistic scavengers, mostly living on decaying organisms in the sea's benthic zone. A typical isopod is around 5 centimeters long (about 2 inches). The "Georgian speekle" is the name given to a giant isopod that was found in the state of Georgia in the United States. animals. A marine isopod, Synidotea laevidorsalis must be submerged This isopod appeared healthy, yet refused food for five years. Not surprisingly, deep-water roach" (Ligiaexotica), All rights reserved. A bug, on the other hand, belongs to the order Hemiptera and mostly resembles an insect, except it has hardened wings and sucking and piercing mouthparts. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. and rocks at high tide. This allows it to be strong and flexible at the same time. An isopod is a type of crustacean, related to crabs and lobsters. clinging to the host. ), Résultats des Compagnes Musortom, vol. as scavenges on anything organic that drops to the sea floor. Content from this Website may not be used in any form without written permission from the site owner. No, giant isopods live in the deep sea where pressure is extremely high. They prefer mud or clay ocean bottom areas where they prefer to live solitary lives. live. Other Names: None it has tiny claws on each leg that help it cling to algae in the water, Looking like it just crawled out of a bad science fiction movie, the giant isopod is without a doubt one of the strangest creatures found in the deep sea. the sea floor or living in plants. Isopods for sale. No, the Georgian speekle is not an insect or a bug. (eds. NOTICE: This page is being retained for reference purposes only and is no longer being updated or maintained. Hatchetfish The enormous size of the giant isopod is a result of a phenomenon known as deep sea gigantism. Some species of isopods live parasitically on fish, either externally or internally. All content on this site is Copyright © 1998 - 2016 by Sea and Sky. It is the first new giant isopod species to be described in more than a decade, and is the first of these isopod behemoths to be found in waters near Indonesia, scientists reported in … Like shrimp, they use their antennae to explore their environment. While B. giganteus is an example of marine gigantism, it's not particularly huge. retrieved 02/17/2017. Depth Range: Over 2,000 feet. Sixgill Shark Their habitat ranges in depth from the dimly lit sublittoral zone at 550 ft (170 m) to the pitch darkness of the bathypelagic zone at 7,020 ft (2,140 m). It is a carnivorous crustacean that spends its time scavenging the deep ocean floor. It is believed that the isopod will also feed on some slow-moving animals such as sea cucumbers and sponges. One specimen became famous because it wouldn't eat.
Female giant deep-sea isopods carry their young around in a pouch. Viperfish One specimen became famous because it wouldn't eat. Food is extremely scarce at these great depths, so the isopod has adapted to eat what ever happens to fall from above. on boat slip pylons, among seaweed and Deep Sea Anglerfish Lowry, J. K. and Dempsey, K. (2006). in length. Giant isopods are not usually fished commercially, although some can be found in the occasional oceanside restaurant in northern Taiwan, where they are boiled and served with rice. Isopods live in the sea, in fresh water, or on land. for larger view. This isopod appeared healthy, yet refused food for five years. However, it's dark in the depths, so isopods probably don't rely much on sight. Females bury themselves in sediment when they are brooding and stop eating. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Photos of the monstrous-looking creature went viral on the internet, leading to comments like "Fake!" http://oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/04etta/background/isopods/isopods.html. This gives the animal a large field of view, and makes it extremely sensitive to fast movements. Shallow waters are relatively warm, species-rich places, abundant in Synidotea laevidorsalis can be found Bioluminescence of the differences between deep and shallow water. (Food there comes mostly from organic matter slowly filtering down through Ask a Question. They will drown if submerged in water too long. It eventually died, but it's unclear whether starvation is what killed it. All have rigid, segmented exoskeletons, two pairs of antennae, seven pairs of jointed limbs on the thorax, and five pairs of branching appendages on the abdomen that are used in respiration.Females brood their young in a pouch under their thorax. Scientists believe that these isopods hook their legs into the base of the fish’s tongue, causing it to wither and eventually fall off. These eggs are thought to be the largest of all the marine invertebrates. "Aquarium's deep-sea isopod hasn't eaten for over four years". on boat-slip pylons among seaweed and hydroids; and it grows to about 2 cm The giant isopod can grow to a length of over 16 inches, which makes it one of the largest members of the crustacean family. Crustaceans: Species, Characteristics, and Diet, 10 of the World's Scariest-Looking Animals, Chelicerates Group: Key Characteristics, Species, and Classifications, 12 Arthropod Pictures Showcase Spiders, Crabs, and More, 15 Misconceptions Kids (And Adults) Have About Insects, Facts About the Spiny Lobster (Rock Lobster), Overview of the Biggest Bugs That Ever Lived, Jerusalem Crickets, Family Stenopelmatidae, Aquarium's deep-sea isopod hasn't eaten for over four years, Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College. One defining characteristic of an insect is that it has six legs. The females develop a pouch known as a marsupium, where the eggs are stored until the young are ready to emerge. The giant isopod has a complex mouth that with many components that work together to pierce, shred, and disembowel their prey. carcasses. Other examples of this would be the giant squid and the giant tube worm. When threatened, this animal can roll itself into a ball to protect its vulnerable underside. many deep-sea animals, it is larger than its shallow-water relatives. Rachael King They can swim either right-side up or upside-down. And just like its land-based counterpart, the isopod has compound eyes, with over 4,000 individual facets. However, the animal really does exist and yes, it really is over a foot long.