Brokenhearted Heracles, unable to find his best friend, refused to accompany the Argonauts and, therefore, the crew had no choice but to move on. Aeson woke up forty years younger “in all the vigor of bright youth, no longer lean and sallow.” Stirred by the still unavenged Hera, Pelias' daughters asked Medea to do the same for their father; Medea tricked them into repeating the ritual – only this time, she made sure that there was no resurrection to follow. Aeetes was forced to put Jason to the test by stating that he could have the fleece, if he was able to beat the fire-breathing bronze bulls and plough a field where he needed to sow the dragon’s teeth that were given to him by the king. The Golden Fleece was in the possession of the king, gifted to him by Phrixus when he arrived there on a flying golden ram years before. Jason, in love, concurred and also promised to marry her. The death of Jason isn't as popular a topic of classical literature as his adventures. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. A somewhat unconventional hero, Jason was the leader of the Argonautic Expedition in the quest of retrieving the Golden Fleece. He was brought to Mount Pelion, to live with a centaur called Chiron. Believing it to be true, the daughters murdered their own father. Aeetes tried to follow them, but Medea killed her brother Apsyrtus and threw his pieces into the sea, causing Aeetes to stop and retrieve them. After killing Pelias, Medea and Jason were ejected from Iolcus and they went to Corinth, a place where Medea had a claim to the throne, as the granddaughter of the sun god Helios. He beat them and used the plough to sow the dragon's teeth. He also planned to kill all of his heirs to prevent anyone from claiming the kingdom back. In order to cross the Symplegades, they must release a dove to see, if she has a safe passage between the two gigantic rocks. When they were nearing the Argo, Medea used her sorcery to kill Apsyrtus, cut him to pieces and splashed them into water. Once in the clear, they were pulling their vessels with full strength but were unaware of approaching another, far more dangerous trap. The Argonauts’ next stop was Salmydessus in Thrace, where they happened upon the blind King Phineus, starved almost to death – a victim of the Harpies, vicious monsters sent by Zeus to steal his food on a daily basis. However, Medea, suspecting such a plot, informed Jason and agreed to help him steal the golden fleece, if he would take her with him. And Zeus answered the prayers by driving the Argo off course. Soon, enpowered with sorcery and self-confidence, Jason applied the cream and approached the bulls without getting burned. The Argonauts eventually managed to return to their home. Jason had a ship built and assembled a fleet made up of the greatest heroes of his time; after an exhausting expedition beset by giants and monsters, the Argonauts managed to successfully retrieve the Golden Fleece and bring it back to Iolcus. Jason, in Greek mythology, leader of the Argonauts and son of Aeson, king of Iolcos in Thessaly.His father’s half-brother Pelias seized Iolcos, and thus for safety Jason was sent away to the Centaur Chiron.Returning as a young man, Jason was promised his inheritance if he fetched the Golden Fleece for Pelias, a seemingly impossible task. Jason’s second task was to sow dragon's teeth in the plowed field; though a seemingly easy task, its completion resulted in an army of stone warriors springing out from the earth. The spoken word option is particularly useful for topics such as Greek Mythology that … Jason collected a set of 50–60 heroes, known as the Argonauts, and sailed off on his ship the Argo—the greatest ship ever built—in search of adventure. Jason fell in love with a princess of Corinth and wanted to marry her. Castor was a great horseman, while Pollux was the best boxer around. Their pursuers from Colchis arrived at about the same time and demanded the return of Medea. They wanted to make a landing to rest and recover a bit because they were exhausted from the long journey. Pelias agreed on one condition though, which was to bring back the golden fleece. Getting too close to either of them would mean certain death for the Argonauts. (c) Copyright 2013 - 2018, all rights reserved. On the way back to the ship, the Argonauts encountered these ferocious creatures and with the help of Heracles overcame them quite easily. Near Crete, the Argonauts hit upon an even greater danger: Talos, a giant bronze man, who guarded the island and threw stones at anyone approaching. Using her drugs and spells, Medea caused the dragon to fall asleep, just long enough for Jason to snatch the Golden Fleece and carry it back to the Argo. In this battle many had died, even the king himself, before in dawn finally recognising each other and realising their mistake. Heracles, a member of the Argonauts’ crew himself, managed to kill many of them before the rest of the Argonauts came and pushed the giants back. Medea was a skilled sorceress and high-priestess of the temple of Hecate, a goddess of dark magic and witchcraft. She was no ordinary mortal, but the goddess Hera in disguise. Zeus, angry at Medea's act of gruesomely killing her brother, caused a number of storms on the Argonauts’ way back home. As a result of this accident, they closed in on the island of Amazons, where they would certainly be attacked, but Zeus sent favourable winds that sent them to the island of Ares. He was to live a royal life in a modern city of Volos in the land of Iolcos, but his uncle Pelias, a half brother of Aeson, had different plans. Upon learning them, Jason was left in utter desperation. Jason himself begot at least one child with none other than Hypsipyle, Euneus. In the process, of crossing over the rapid flowing river, he lost one of his sandals. As a token of gratitude, the old man told them how to safely pass through Symplegades which lie ahead on their journey. But what he didn't know was that the old lady was Hera in disguise and, because of this unselfish deed, he gained her favor before approaching Pelias. First of the line of power,one of the big three. On the contrary, he plotted with the leading men of Colchis to kill Jason and the Argonauts during the night. As Jason entered the market-place at Iolchus, Pelias saw him, and, recognizing him as the one-sandaled man who had been foretold to him, asked him his name. And it just happened to be Jason who in his journey helped an old lady to cross the river Anauros. However, unusually for a hero of his stature, Jason received a lot of help along the way, not just from a goddess (Hera, who wanted to punish Pelias for neglecting to honor her), but also from the members of his crew, and, especially, from King Aeetes’ daughter, Medea, who fell in love with him and left everything behind her to be with him. Gladly accepting the mission to bring the Golden Fleece from Colchis to Iolcus, Jason had a boat built and assembled a party of heroes, collectively called the Argonauts, after the name of the ship, Argo. When Jason was still a baby, his half-uncle Pelias, vying for the throne of Aeson, killed all of Aeson's children, and overthrew Aeson from the throne; however, he failed to kill Jason, who, on the premise of being stillborn, was sent by his parents to the Centaur Chiron; just like he had many heroes before him, Chiron nurtured Jason into adulthood. The following day, as the morning light revealed the tragic error, the remorseful Argonauts held a funeral for the slain king; his wife, Cleite, however, couldn’t bear the scene and hanged herself from grief. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Quite contrary, he was determined to bring back the golden fleece from a distant land. Jason is often depicted as a fully grown man in a classic greek helm and armour, holding a sword or a spear in his hands. With the help of the balm, Jason successfully yoked the bulls and managed to plow the field in no time. He had overthrown and killed Aeson, because of his ambitions to claim the throne. Fortunately, the Argonauts recalled the encounter of Heracles with these birds and with their swords started beating upon their shields to make a loud noise. As a boy, Jason was a victim of family quarrel in which his uncle Pelias killed his father Aeson and took the kingdom for himself. Medea’s revenge was both tragic and gruesome. His weaknesses are that he was a mortal and disloyal. Once ship was built, Jason invited the bravest and mightiest warriors from Greece. Fearing for his life on account of an ancient prophecy, Pelias wanted Jason as far as possible from Iolcus, so he ordered him to do the seemingly impossible and fetch the Golden Fleece from the King Aeetes of Colchis. She had demonstrated the procedure by killing a ram, cutting it into pieces, throwing it into a boiling water and then bringing it back to life as a young sheep again. This event disturbed the journey of the Argonauts who had to depart in the cover of darkness and were unfortunately driven back to Doliones, where King Cyzicus and his men thought they were marauders and attacked them. He consulted with Argos, one of the best shipwrights at that time. When Jason approached king Aeetes and announced that he came for the golden fleece, the king wanted to kill him but realised that this would anger the gods and other Argonauts. Not knowing who the culprit was, the dragon warriors attacked each other, destroying themselves. Greek Gods Strengths and Weaknesses Zeus Artemis - Zeus was the God of the sky and he was the ruler of all the gods. After the Argonauts set sail, they first reached the island of Lemnos. Hera also favored Medea, as well as Jason, and offered their children immortality. Since many years had passed in the meantime, Jason found his father Aeson at a very old age, and, distraught by the sight, asked Medea to transfer some of his life to his father. The sirens were mythical creatures which sat on rocks, seducing sailors with their irresistible songs.