, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 April 2020, at 20:34. The lack of two words to distinguish public and private enemy also has contributed to confusion in the interpretation of the well-known Biblical passage (Matthew 5:44; Luke 6:27) "Love your enemies." "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". "[2] These … The Hebrew word most often so translated is 'oyebh, meaning perhaps literally, "one who hates"; very frequent in the Psalms, eg. Strong's Greek 219032 Occurrencesἐχθρὲ — 1 Occ.ἐχθρῶν — 2 Occ.ἐχθροὶ — 6 Occ.ἐχθρόν — 2 Occ.ἐχθρὸς — 7 Occ.ἐχθροῦ — 1 Occ.ἐχθροὺς — 13 Occ. The second Sanhedrin consists of 23 judges and the great Sanhedrin consists of 71 members. 3:7; 6:10; 7:5; 8:2; 9:3,1; 13:2, where the cry is often for deliverance from enemies. Matthew 13:39 Adj-NMS GRK: ὁ δὲ ἐχθρὸς ὁ σπείρας NAS: and the enemy who sowed KJV: [one]; The enemy that sowed them INT: and [the] enemy … The Hebrew word most often so translated is 'oyebh, meaning perhaps literally, "one who hates"; very frequent in the Psalms, eg. To do so I want to take you to the Mishnah Order Nezekin and Tractate or Chapter Sanhedrin Chapter 3 Mishnah 5, which states a friend or an enemy is ineligible (to serve in a court of law). His counterpart in the Talmud is apikoros, or epicurean, who likewise denies the fundamental principal of religion (BB16b) by his abominable conduct. [1] Sophocles uses the vagueness of the word xenos in his tragedy Philoctetes, with Neoptolemus using the word exclusively for Philoctetes to indicate the uncertain relationship between the two characters. εἰδωλολατρία φαρμακεία. In this usage it is commonly translated as "guest-friend" to distinguish it from the Greek word philos, which was used to refer to local friends and to relatives not strictly bound by xenia. The fact it mentions the naval is a specific indication that this information was communicated originally, not in Greek but Hebrew. This statement seems to run counter the teachings of Jesus in Matthew 5:43 until one investigates it thoroughly. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Hover on the underlined Bible text in the verses on this page (as shown). This page was last modified on July 2, 2017 at 12:58 AM. "Enemy," "enemies," are frequent words in the Old Testament. Information sourced from Strong's Concordance[1]. All Caps. In the book, Every Man’s Talmud, by Abraham Cohen on page three he explains “whether atheism, in the sense of the dogmatic denial of God’s existence was excepted by anybody in Rabbinic times is doubtful; But both in bible and Talmud the concern was with the practical atheist who conducted his life as though he would never be held to account for his deeds. Below are the English definition details. VI, UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFICULT WORDS OF JESUS Pt. But in the Hebrew text it says you shall be in danger of the bet din. whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.”, “And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.”, “And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. When one looks at this passage in the Greek text we note that the word for enemy is the Greek word “ekthros”. Popups will show translations and definitions based on the original source Scripture. Above each Greek word there is a transliteration which helps people to pronounce the word, and linked to each transliterated word there is a page which gives a list of other places where the same word is used in the bible, together with translations from NAS, KJV, and the Interlinear Bible. The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database ( within the BibleForge project ( Jerusalem, En Gedi, Caesarea, Gamla, Bet She'an, Last Days of Jesus and more. Another word for "enemy," found chiefly in the poetical books, is tsar, or tsar, "distresser," "straitener" In Mathew chapter 5:43 Jesus says “you have heard that it has been said thou shalt love thy neighbor and hate thine enemy”. In Thayers Greek English lexicon ekthros is simply defined as hated or hateful. Derived terms: From a primary ἔχθω (to hate). Quotes available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Greek word rhema. The first is ekthros but the second is polemios, which means one who is actively at war with you. 72a. Xenos generally refers to the variety of what a particular individual can be, specifically guest, host, stranger, friend, and, as previously mentioned, foreigner. The devil who is the most bitter enemy of the divine government. Jesus uses some heavy words to describe the Christian-haters: Greek echthros means "the (personal) enemy"[1] from echtho, "to hate." In other words an enemy according to the Hebrew text is one that was previously a friend and has been alienated and not spoken with the individual for three days. ὁ ἐχθρός σου ψώμιζεNAS: BUT IF YOUR ENEMY IS HUNGRY, FEEDKJV: if thine enemy hunger, feedINT: should hunger the enemy of you feed, 1 Corinthians 15:25 Adj-AMPGRK: πάντας τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ὑπὸ τοὺςNAS: all His enemies underKJV: he hath put all enemies under hisINT: all enemies under the, 1 Corinthians 15:26 Adj-NMSGRK: ἔσχατος ἐχθρὸς καταργεῖται ὁNAS: The last enemy that will be abolishedKJV: The last enemy [that] shall be destroyedINT: [The] last enemy annulled [is], Galatians 4:16 Adj-NMSGRK: ὥστε ἐχθρὸς ὑμῶν γέγοναNAS: have I become your enemy by telling you the truth?KJV: become your enemy, because I tell youINT: So enemy of you have I become, Philippians 3:18 Adj-AMPGRK: λέγω τοὺς ἐχθροὺς τοῦ σταυροῦNAS: weeping, [that they are] enemies of the crossKJV: weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the crossINT: I tell [you they are] enemies of the cross.