417 ff (trans. Il. . : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. : Orphica, Theogonies Fragment 54 (from Damascius) (trans. So at the same moment there came into being Poros and Tekmor and Skotos. From their will and power, everything depended and this is one of the reasons why people showed them such great respect. Everything that was dark and mysterious to humans was considered to be caused by Erebus and his powers. Erebus wasn’t mentioned as much as other deities in Greek literature, but he was supposedly the father of many deities with Nyx. In today’s text, we will learn more about the Greek God Erebus and the symbolism behind his name. Erebus father was Chaos and his mother was Nyx. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? In the ancient cosmogonies the heavenly ether (aither) and the dark mists of the netherworld (erebos) were regarded as the sources of day and light rather than the sun. to C1st A.D.) : Hesiod, Theogony 115 ff (trans. . 17 (trans. var s = d.createElement('script'); s.type='text/javascript';s.async=true; According to ancient myths, that date back to the beginning of time, this first royal family was ruled the earth with darkness and shadows. The greek god Dionysius's symbols are a grape vine and a leaf from the grape trees. First generation was the Primordial deities, to which the Erebus belonged to. But when he went to Tartarus, Hadespushed him in so he couldn't release anyb… . Born from Chaos, the formless state before the creation of the universe, he was one of the five that came into existence. Hyginus (Fab. ", Alcman, Fragment 5 (from Scholia) (trans. ", Aristophanes, Birds 685 ff (trans. From Chaos [was born]: Nox (Night) [Nyx], Dies (Day) [Hemera], Erebus, Aether. [1.1] KHAOS (no father) (Hesiod Theogony 123, Hyginus Preface)[2.1] KHRONOS & ANANKE (Orphic Fragment 54) For this is the great Khronos (Unaging Time) that we found in it [the Rhapsodies], the father of Aither (Aether, Light) [upper air] and Khaos (Chaos, the Chasm) [lower air]. . Like I mentioned earlier, Erebus had many children together with Nyx who was his mother. var p = 'https:' == document.location.protocol ? EREBOS (Erebus) was the primordial god (protogenos) of darkness and the consort of Nyx (Night). And I assume that the theology of the [Orphic] Rhapsodies discarded the two first principles (together with the one before the two, that was left unspoken) [i.e., the Orphics discarded the concepts of Thesis, Khronos and Ananke], and began from this third principle [Phanes] after the two, because this was the first that was expressible and acceptable to human ears. [1.4] AITHER, HEMERA, EROS (by Nyx) (Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.17), [1.1] MOROS (FATUM), GERAS (SENECTUS), THANATOS (MORS), KER (LETUM), SOPHROSYNE (CONTINENTIA), HYPNOS (SOMNUS), ONEIROI (SOMNIA), EROS (AMOR), EPIPHRON, PORPHYRION, EPAPHOS, ERIS (DISCORDIA), OIZYS (MISERIA), HYBRIS (PETULANTIA), NEMESIS, EUPHROSYNE, PHILOTES (AMICITIA), ELEOS (MISERICORDIA), STYX, MOIRAI (PARCAE), HESPERIDES (by Nyx) (Hyginus Preface) : Not sure of the spelling? Then he says that one came into being who set all things in order, then that Poros came into being, and that when Poros had passed by Tekmor followed. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. He was the personification of darkness and everything that belonged to darkness. Most probably, Erebus was the first deity to rule the Cosmos and he belonged to the first generation of gods. What is this triad, then? 'https' : 'http'; [N.B. Try entering just the first three or four letters. So Alkman (Alcman) represents the matter of all things as confused and unformed. Name Erebus in literature, was also associated with one part of the world that lied underneath ground, where all the dead souls used to pass before going to Hades. The name Erebos was also used as a synonym for the netherworld realm of Haides. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. (OBSTINACIA), THE MOIRAI (PARCAE), THE HESPERIDES, THE ONEIROI (SOMNAI) (by Nyx) (Cicero De Natura Deorum 3.17), E′REBOS (Erebos), a son of Chaos, begot Aether and Hemera by Nyx, his sister. (Hesiod. Goddess of Hearth Fire and Domestic Life. From Nox (Night) [Nyx] and Erebus [were born]: Fatum (Fate) [Ker], Senectus (Old Age) [Geras], Mors (Death) [Thanatos], Letum (Dissolution) [Moros], Continentia (Continence), Somnus (Sleep) [Hypnos], Somnia (Dreams) [Oneiroi], Amor [Eros]--that is Lysimeles, Epiphron, Porphyrion, Epaphus, Discordia (Discord), Miseria (Wretchedness), Petulantia (Wantonness), Nemesis, Euphrosyne, Amicitia (Friendship) [Philotes], Misericordia (Compassion), Styx; the three Parcae (Fates) [Moirai], namely Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos; the Hesperides Aegle, Hesperie and Aerica.". The history of his life is as interesting as any other Greek deity, even though he is not as widely known as some other Greek deities. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd A.D.) : Erebus - God of Darkness. His consort appears to be Nyx,the Goddess of Night. If you are 13 years old when were you born? out of Erebos (Darkness) and Chaos (Gloomy Air) called Nox (Night) [Nyx] and the Gods of Night (Di Nocti) and poured a prayer with long-drawn wailing cries to Hecate.".