0000007219 00000 n H�\��j�0E�� They fabricated resumes for multiple phantom job seekers with common black and white names. Race refers to physical differences that groups and cultures consider socially significant. �utt ic㴴��8 I�!�400�����i )bG �*G墫h�k��#� 0000107398 00000 n �Ce��BZY+q���hb:��@��l\u�"�Q>�;QY=W�� z��q��s6�8\�A8�sj����t�-o�7^E�\��}��A�9Dt8Na��';�q���`1t�_e����z��=� b( Preferred: Black money can be totally eliminated if a new tax system called TOP Tax system is adopted and implemented by all nations. 0000058809 00000 n 0000175030 00000 n 0000006702 00000 n 0000011596 00000 n “Latinx” can also be used as a gender-neutral or nonbinary term inclusive of all genders. 0000043314 00000 n Whenever possible, use the racial and/or ethnic terms that your participants themselves use. the articulate Mexican American professor, Preferred: Racial and ethnic groups are designated by proper nouns and are capitalized. h�b```f``�``a`P�fd@ A�+so�6;�Ua�v~��������Ҝ��\~�;::*:@4�e5��4@��U l��ȧBL���/Y/��`}���-���e� ���=��I��5x30 When writing about people of Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) descent, state the nation of origin (e.g., Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, Israel) when possible. When writing about people who identify as Hispanic, Latino (or Latinx, etc. h�bbd```b``z "���w��DrȀH�s �};X��> �q��9`�z` Preferred: Problematic: 0000020548 00000 n Preferred: 0000020983 00000 n 25 points in 2017; the White-Hispanic gap in 2017 (19 points) was not measurably different from the gap in 1990. 6�/��S��I�)����:&��`���L�g`�� � ߼: If a distinction is needed between the dominant racial group and nondominant racial groups, use a modifier (e.g., “ethnic,” “racial”) when using the word “minority” (e.g., ethnic minority, racial minority, racial-ethnic minority). The older term “Oriental” is primarily used to refer to cultural objects such as carpets and is pejorative when used to refer to people. Likewise, capitalize terms such as “Native American,” “Hispanic,” and so on. Race is a social construct that is not universal, so one must be careful not to impose racial labels on ethnic groups. In some cases, people of MENA descent who claim Arab ancestry and reside in the United States may be referred to as “Arab Americans.” In all cases, it is best to allow individuals to self-identify. 0000010218 00000 n Hawaiian Natives may identify as “Native American,” “Hawaiian Native,” “Indigenous Peoples of the Hawaiian Islands,” and/or “Pacific Islander.”, In Canada, refer to the Indigenous Peoples collectively as “Indigenous Peoples” or “Aboriginal Peoples” (. Instead, use “Blacks and Whites” or “African Americans and European Americans” for the former example and “Asian Americans and African Americans” for the latter example. scholar with the publication of his doctoral thesis, The Suppression of the African Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638–1870 (1896), and The Philadelphia Negro The Souls of Black … 0000087803 00000 n Problematic: It is problematic to group “Asian” and “Asian American” as if they are synonymous. 0000006123 00000 n As with all discussions of race and ethnicity, it is preferable to be more specific about regional (e.g., Southern European, Scandinavian) or national (e.g., Italian, Irish, Swedish, French, Polish) origin when possible. I��@� ���zT��3��182�1~b\�$�������Ɏ1�������1�q�fFQ&mƏ�ۀ����������c���h/�CV��Z��כ�L�B�6C$k ��?�VFNFG��������!0�&�;�2�:�� "=m�m�Sv0�0�d�f�aJfʸ111Fo�`�U������>��������������ff`�����ۥ|<6>�&��y��|��� )G��v�d�Κ�p�K?~k��Z7.C ��� ~��t endstream endobj 415 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[71 276]/Length 31/Size 347/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream